In the 20th century, pigeons were used extensively in both Great Wars to carry messages, and as a result of their bravery and heroism, tens of thousands of human lives were saved.
The last messaging service using pigeons was disbanded in 2006 by the police force in the city of Orrisa, India.
Predation: The wild pigeon is predated upon, almost exclusively, by the peregrine falcon, a bird that is also found living and breeding in coastal regions.
Life Expectancy: Varies greatly from 3-5 years through to 15 years dependent on many factors, including natural predation and human interference.
During the excavation of an Egyptian tomb in 3000 BC, the bones of pigeons were found in what is thought to have been the remains of a funerary meal.
Man has found many sporting uses for the pigeon throughout history, with the earliest known example being the sport of Triganieri.
It is unclear when this ancient sport first started, but the early Greeks and Romans are believed to have participated in it.
One species, the Atoll Fruit Dove, has adapted to taking insects and small reptiles.
Some ground feeding species (granivorous species) eat fruit and take insects and worms.