In the early part of the century, many states reduced the number of their capital crimes and built state penitentiaries.
In 1834, Pennsylvania became the first state to move executions away from the public eye and carrying them out in correctional facilities.
The Conference brings together 30 inmates who were freed from death row because of innocence.
(Schabas 1997)oduced a bill to revise Virginia's death penalty laws. Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and founder of the Pennsylvania Prison Society.
The death penalty was also part of the Fourteenth Century B. C.'s Draconian Code of Athens, which made death the only punishment for all crimes; and in the Fifth Century B. Death sentences were carried out by such means as crucifixion, drowning, beating to death, burning alive, and impalement. D., hanging became the usual method of execution in Britain.
In the following century, William the Conqueror would not allow persons to be hanged or otherwise executed for any crime, except in times of war.
However, it was Cesare Beccaria's 1767 essay, On Crimes and Punishment, that had an especially strong impact throughout the world.
In the essay, Beccaria theorized that there was no justification for the state's taking of a life.