To this Luther added the inadmissibility of the doctrine, as regards the Epistle of St. However, it was practically the Lutherans alone who sought to diminish the traditional Canon, which the Council of Trent was to define in 1546.
It was reserved to modern times, especially to our own days, to dispute and deny the truth of the opinion received from the ancients concerning the origin of the books of the New Testament.
We have to come down to the sixteenth century to hear the question repeated, whether the Epistle to the Hebrews was written by St.
Paul, or the Epistles called Catholic were in reality composed by the Apostles whose names they bear.
Little time was needed to find, in analyzing them, indications of a later origin.
The conclusions of the Tübingen school, which brought down to the second century, the compositions of all the New Testament except four Epistles of St. When the crisis of militant incredulity had passed, the problem of the New Testament began to be examined more calmly, and especially more methodically.
The Acts of the Apostles , as is sufficiently indicated by the title, relates the preaching and the labours of the Apostles. Paul , and perhaps fourteen, if, with the Council of Trent, we consider him the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews .
Jerome, and which are based on the style of these writings.Paul (Rom.; Gal.; I, II Cor.), was very common thirty or forty years ago, in so-called critical circles (see Dict. From the critical studies of the past half century we may draw the following conclusion, which is now in its general outlines admitted by all: It was a mistake to have attributed the origin of Christian literature to a later date ; these texts, on the whole, date back to the second half of the first century; consequently they are the work of a generation that counted a good number of direct witnesses of the life of Jesus Christ.From stage to stage, from Strauss to Renan, from Renan to Reuss, Weizsäcker, Holtzmann, J¨licher, Weiss, and from these to Zahn, Harnack, criticism has just retraced its steps over the distance it had so inconsiderately covered under the guidance of Christian Baur. Later on, the name of testament was given to the collection of sacred texts containing the history and the doctrine of the two alliances; here again and for the same reason we meet the distinction between the Old and New Testaments. However, at an early date, the Alexandrian translators of the Scripture, known as the Septuagint, employed the word as the equivalent of the Hebrew berith , which means a pact, an alliance, more especially the alliance of Yahweh with Israel. Paul ( 1 Corinthians ) Jesus Christ uses the words "new testament" as meaning the alliance established by Himself between God and the world, and this is called "new" as opposed to that of which Moses was the mediator.