Efforts have therefore been made to clarify the meaning of the term.suggests that other conceptualizations of psychopathy emphasize three observable characteristics to varying degrees.About Erie Search the largest collection of Erie obituaries and condolences, hosted by in partnership with funeral homes and newspapers.
These conceptions are only partly overlapping and may sometimes be contradictory. Cleckley, an American psychiatrist, influenced the initial diagnostic criteria for antisocial personality reaction/disturbance in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), as did American psychologist George E. The DSM and International Classification of Diseases (ICD) subsequently introduced the diagnoses of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and dissocial personality disorder (DPD) respectively, stating that these diagnoses have been referred to (or include what is referred to) as psychopathy or sociopathy.
The study of psychopathy is an active field of research, and the term is also used by the general public, popular press, and in fictional portrayals.
including Cleckleyan psychopathy (Hervey Cleckley's conception entailing bold, disinhibited behavior, and "feckless disregard") and criminal psychopathy (a conception entailing a meaner, more aggressive, disinhibited, with persistent and sometimes serious criminal behavior).
They again found that the psychopathy measurements do not appear to be identifying a discrete type (a taxon).
They suggest that while for legal or other practical purposes an arbitrary cut-off point on trait scores might be used, there is actually no clear scientific evidence for an objective point of difference by which to label some people "psychopaths;" in other words, a "psychopath" may be more accurately described as someone who is "relatively psychopathic".