A recent SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) analysis conducted in 2013 of a Canadian energy and climate policies has shows that there is a lack of consistency between federal and regional strategies.
The producing provinces impose royalties and taxes on oil and natural gas production; provide drilling incentives; and grant permits and licenses to construct and operate facilities.
The energy and climate policies in Canada are interrelated.
These energy and climate policies are implemented at both the federal and provincial government level.
The Prince Edward Island Strategy is one of the first provincial strategies developed in response to the federal agreement goals.
In Canada's federal system of government, jurisdiction over energy is divided between the federal and provincial and territorial governments.