Contributor(s): Binh Duong, Program Manager, Division of Refugee Assistance at the Department of Social and Health Services, Olympia, WA; Many Vietnamese community members. Vietnam occupies the eastern coast of the Southeast Asian peninsula.
It is bordered by the South China Sea on the west and south, China to the north, and Laos and Cambodia to the west.
Loyalties were rapidly shifting, and Japan soon transferred support from Bao Dai to the Vietminh. When Japan surrendered to the Allies following World War II, Ho's Vietminh declared independence. troops retreated after the signing of a cease-fire agreement in 1973. Fifty-five percent were Catholic, and many were able to bring their families intact. This is referred to as the first wave of immigrants.
This independence was brief as the British soon landed in Saigon and returned authority to the French. continued to support the South Vietnamese succession of leaders including Gen. The final leader of the south was Nguyen Van Thieu. Fighting soon resumed, and in April 1975 Thieu fled to Taiwan. Three "Waves" of Refugees The Vietnamese people who worked with the U. government or who sympathized with the South feared for their lives once Thieu lost power. The second wave of refugees was a more diverse group.
A lack of political cohesiveness between the north and south is not a recent development.There were numerous revolts against the Chinese (two of the most legendary in 40A. In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the Vietnamese themselves became expansionists and they conquered Champa, an Indianized kingdom in central Vietnam.This campaign depleted the Vietnamese kingdom's resources, and they again fell to the Chinese, this time to the harsh rule of the Ming dynasty.Population of Vietnam In 2000, the population of Vietnam was 78.5 million people.The majority Viet (Kinh) people account for 87% of the country’s population and mainly inhabit the Red River delta, the central coastal delta, the Mekong delta and major cities.