They are commonly referred to as an internet based collective of hacktivists whose goals, like its organization, are decentralized.
Anonymous seeks mass awareness and revolution against what the organization perceives as corrupt entities, while attempting to maintain anonymity. According to white supremacist radio host Hal Turner, in December 2006 and January 2007 individuals who identified themselves as Anonymous took Turner's website offline, costing him thousands of dollars in bandwidth bills.
The site provides resources and support to Iranians who are protesting.
The attack against the website took place in stages, as Anonymous users flooded the SOHH forums, which were then shut down.
On June 23, 2008, the group which identified themselves as Anonymous organized DDo S attacks against the website, successfully eliminating 60% of the website's service capacity.
Calling the action by the Church of Scientology a form of Internet censorship, members of Project Chanology organized a series of denial-of-service attacks against Scientology websites, prank calls, and black faxes to Scientology centers.
On January 21, 2008, individuals claiming to speak for Anonymous announced their goals and intentions via a video posted to You Tube entitled "Message to Scientology" and a press release declaring a "War on Scientology" against both the Church of Scientology and the Religious Technology Center.